NASEC DICTIONARY GUIDE

 

HOW TO USE THE GREEK DICTIONARY

Entry Format

Strong's Greek refererence

Greek word

transliteration; origin or derivation; meanings:

NASB usage: specific meanings

Entry example

G1705a

ἐμπίπλημι

empiplēmi; from G1722 and G4092a; to fill up, by impl. to satisfy:–

NASB usage: enjoyed(1), filled(2), satisfying(1), well-fed(1).

 

Where:

Strong's Greek reference  is the original Strong's number preceded with a 'G' in this Dictionary.

Greek word is the actual word in the Greek language.

transliteration is the transliteration of the Greek word.

origin or derivation is given on the basis of the standard Greek lexicons (see below for examples).

meanings section gives the general meaning of the Greek word (see below for examples)

NASB usage is a list of all appearances of the word in NASB (see below for examples)

 

EXAMPLES

origin or derivation

G2741a

καυσόω

kausoō; from  καῦσος kausos (burning heat, fever); to burn with great heat:–

 

Word 2741a is derived  from a word not found  in the New Testament, so it is given together with its definition.

OR

G2763

κεραμεύς

kerameus; from G2767; a potter:–

NASB usage: potter(1), Potter's(2).

This word is derived from word 2767 in this dictionary.

OR

G3998

πενιχρός

penichros; from the same as G3993; needy, poor:–

NASB usage: poor(1).

This word is derived from the same root or root word as word G3993 in this dictionary.

OR

G869

ἄφνω

aphnō; a prim. word; suddenly:–

NASB usage: suddenly(3).

 

This word is called primitive because it is not derived from any other known word in the Greek language.

OR

G2748

Κεδρών

Kedrōn; of Heb. or. H6939; Kidron, a brook and wadi near Jer.:–

NASB usage: Kidron(1).

 

This word is derived from a word of Hebrew origin with the reference number H6939 and may be found in the Hebrew Dictionary in this volume.

Please note: In a few cases the phrase “(not used)” is found after a number. This means that the word referenced is not found in any reliable manuscript, or that the entry is obsolete for other reasons. The number has been retained for compatibility with Strong’s system.

Two other irregularities occur for the same reason. First, the numbers 3203-3302 in the Greek dictionary are not used, because the same numbers are omitted in Strong’s. Second, there are a few entries which do not follow alphabetical order. In these cases a formatting change was required for various reasons, and to maintain alphabetical order it would have been necessary to reassign the numbers affected by the change.

Meanings

General Meanings: Following the second semicolon in each entry is the section that gives the general meaning of the Greek word. In some cases, the general meaning will be followed by a note indicating that the word does not occur in the earliest and best manuscripts, and the reader will be directed to the word that actually does occur in those manuscripts.

G2763

κεραμεύς

kerameus; from G2767; a potter:–

NASB usage: potter(1), Potter's(2).

 

G2748

Κεδρών

Kedrōn; of Heb. or. H6939; Kidron, a brook and wadi near Jer.:–

NASB usage: Kidron(1).

If the word is a proper name, a brief note  of identification is given.

Specific Meanings:  Specific meanings of words are dependent upon the context in which the words are found. Following the colon-dash (:—) in each entry is a list of NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE translations of the Greek word.

G2763

κεραμεύς

kerameus; from G2767; a potter:–

NASB usage: potter(1), Potter's(2).

 

The number in parenthesis gives the number of times that English key word was used to translate the Greek word in the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE Updated Edition.

SPECIAL SIGNS

An asterisk (*) indicates that the key word represents two or more Greek words. Refer to the English concordance listing of the keyword for the additional Greek word numbers.

G3113

μακρόθεν

makrothen; from G3117; from afar, afar:–

NASB usage: away*(1), distance(11), far(1), great distance(1), some distance away(1).

The phrase “var. reading” (for variant reading) means that the word cited is not found in the oldest and best Greek manuscripts, and a reference is given to the corresponding word in those manuscripts.*

In contrast to variant readings, the phrase “another reading” means that the entry is found in one or more reliable manuscripts, but that the corresponding word referenced has better manuscript support. Some entries of this type occur both in reliable and in inferior manuscripts.

Usually the variant reading is found  in the Textus Receptus,” a collation of several inferior Greek manuscripts edited in the 16th  and  17th centuries. The variant reading may also occur in a large group of Greek manuscripts to which the name “Majority Text” has been given. These manuscripts usually agree  with the Textus Receptus, and are likewise considered inferior by many scholars. A third possibility is that the variant reading is found  in another manuscript or group of manuscripts whose value is questionable, such as the Western  Text” which is most often represented by manuscript D.

In a few instances a word in the preferred manuscripts referenced by a var. reading note  is said to have come from the variant reading itself (see, for example, 217 and 251, 2045  and 2038a). While this might seem confusing at first, it is actually typical of such readings. Scribes who labored centuries after the New Testament was written sometimes changed a word of unfamiliar spelling to the correspond- ing form found  in older, Classical Greek, thinking  that  they were making  a correction. However, the word from the original manuscript being  copied was in fact correct,  because the spelling of this word had changed by New Testament times.

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE GREEK DICTIONARY

abb.

abbreviated, abbreviation

Isr.

Israel,

acc.

accusative (case)

Jer.

Jerusalem

act.

active

Lat.

Latin

adj.

adjective

lit.

literal, literally

adv.

adverb, adverbial

masc.

masculine

alt.

alternate

mean.

meaning

anal.

analogy

mid.

middle  (voice)

aor.

aorist

mult.

multiplicative

appar.

apparent, apparently

N.

north, northern

Ara.

Aramaic

neg.

negative

Arab.

Arabic

neut.

neuter

art.

article

nom.

nominative (case)

card.

cardinal

N.T.

New Testament

caus.

causative

num.

number

Chr.

Christian

obs.

obsolete

cf.

compare

onomatop.

onomatopoeia, onomatopoeic

comp.

compound

or.

origin

conjunc.

conjunction

ord.

ordinal

contr.

contracted, contraction

O.T.

Old Testament

cop.

copulative

Pal.

Palestine

cptv.

comparative, comparatively

part.

participle

dat.

dative (case)

pass.

passive

def.

definite

perf.

perfect

der.

derivation, derivative, derived

perh.

perhaps

desc.

descended, descendant(s)

pers.

person, personal

dim.

diminutive

Pers.

Persian

E.

east, eastern

pl.

plural

Eg.

Egypt, Egyptian

poss.

possessive

equiv.

equivalent

pref.

prefix

esp.

especially

prep.

preposition, prepositional

euph.

euphemism

pres.

present

ext.

extension

prim.

primary, primitive

etc.

et cetera

prob.

probably

fem.

feminine

prol.

prolongated, prolongation

fig

figurative, figuratively

pron.

pronoun

for.

foreign

q.v.

quod vide, which see

fut.

future

recip.

reciprocal

gen.

genitive (case)

redupl.

reduplicated, reduplication

Gr.

Greek

refl.

reflexive

Heb.

Hebrew

rel.

relative

i.e.

id est, that is

Rom.

Roman

imper.

imperative

S.

south, southern

imperf.

imperfect

sing.

singular

impl.

implied, implication

spec.

specifically

incl.

including

subst.

substantive

ind.

indicative

suff.

suffix

indef.

indefinite

superl.

superlative

inf.

infinitive

unc.

uncertain

inhab.

inhabited, inhabitant

var.

variant (reading)

intens.

intensive

vb.

verb

interj.

interjection

W.

west, western

interrog.

interrogative